What happens to your electronic equipment after it stops working?
At the Ecotechprom factory in Moscow, each machine is processed to identify and remove all electronic parts that can still be reused or recycled.
The recycling plant was built with a capacity of 75,000 tons of electronic waste every year. But the plant has never been used more than a third of its capacity. This is because there are not enough electronic devices collected.
“In short, we can recycle all electrical devices used in homes and offices, including big old TV sets. We also recycle monitors,” says Sergei Orlyanskiy, chief engineer at the Ecotechprom plant.
Electronic waste processing is done by taking valuable materials and there is an increasing need for these materials.
The United Nations has published its first report on e-waste in the Commonwealth of Independent States or CIS and Georgia. E-waste has increased by more than 50 percent in a decade in the region. However the recycling facility was not very busy.
According to a UN report, the region’s e-waste in 2019 alone contained 10 tonnes of gold, half a tonne of rare earth metals, one million tonnes of iron, 85 thousand tonnes of copper, 136 thousand tonnes of aluminum and 700 tonnes of cobalt, all of which have a total value of 2.6 billion dollars in secondary raw materials.
“Everything is precious. This black metal, you might think what it’s worth black metal. But we collect it, extract it, so here we store the Earth’s resources, iron ore and we give these metals a second life. which is very expensive to get new plastic. So we take the old plastic and recycle it,” said Orlyanskiy.
As much as 95 percent of the e-waste received at the factory can be processed to give it a second life.
But recycling isn’t just about using up valuable parts.
Processing of electronic waste is also carried out to deal with hazardous components which, if disposed of in the environment, will have a very bad impact. [lj/uh]